What is Eczema?

Eczema is a disease characterized by skin itching and rashes that have redness, itching, swelling, dryness, & flaking. The skin itches and when scratched results in the rash. In Ayurveda, this disease is known as Vicharchika. Itching might also occur when your immune system becomes unbalanced, so the condition is often related to other allergic conditions such as hay fever, allergic asthma, etc. Genetic factors, debility, climate, & psychological factors can dispose of one of the conditions. Personalized Ayurvedic Eczema treatment is based on which natural herbal medicines, as well as customized home remedies, are prescribed for Eczema.

Timely treatment is possible with an early diagnosis!

Do you have these symptoms?

The main symptom of eczema is itchy, dry, rough, flaky, inflamed, & irritated skin. It can flare up, subside, & then flare up again. Eczema can occur anywhere but typically affects the arms, inner elbows, backs of the knees, cheeks, & scalp. It is not contagious & sometimes becomes less severe with age. Other symptoms include –

  • Intense itching
  • Small, raised bumps that ooze fluid when scratched
  • Red or brownish-gray patches
  • Crusty patches of dried yellowish ooze, which can signal infection
  • Sore or raw-feeling skin
  • Thickened and scaly skin

Types of Eczema

Atopic Dermatitis (Eczema): Atopic dermatitis happens when there is damage to the skin barrier. This causes the skin to become inflamed, dry, red, bumpy, and itchy.

Contact Dermatitis: Contact dermatitis is the irritant or allergic reaction that causes an itchy or painful skin rash. As the name suggests, you get contact dermatitis from coming into contact with the allergen. Examples include an allergen like poison ivy & an irritant like a chemical.

Cradle Cap (Infant Seborrheic Dermatitis): Cradle cap is the harmless skin condition on the scalp of a baby which appears as yellow scaly patches surrounded by a red rash.

Diaper Dermatitis (Rash): As the name suggests, diaper dermatitis is when the rash appears on any part of the baby’s skin covered by the diaper. The skin gets broken down by wetness, movement, and waste products.

Dyshidrotic Dermatitis: This type of dermatitis causes itchy blisters on the edges of your fingers, palms, toes, & the soles of your feet. The blisters can be painful.

Neurodermatitis: This type of dermatitis is caused by intense itching which irritates nerve endings of the skin.

Nummular Dermatitis: If you have circular and itchy spots on your skin, you may have nummular dermatitis. Your skin gets dry & itchy and you might get open sores.

Periorificial Dermatitis: Periorificial dermatitis looks like rosacea and acne. It develops around your mouth, eyes, & nose.

Seborrheic Dermatitis (Dandruff): Seborrheic dermatitis (known as dandruff when it is on your head) appears as dry, red, flaky, and itchy skin on your scalp & other parts of your body.

Stasis Dermatitis: Dermatitis of this type is caused by the problem with blood flow in your veins. Your ankles might swell & there might be itching, scaling, pain, & open sores.

Causes of Eczema

Eczema is a common inflammatory skin condition that causes itchiness and redness to the skin. The main reason for this skin condition is stress on the immune system. Stress can be caused in various ways.

“Approximately 80% of children who struggle with eczema also struggle from allergies and asthma caused by mold and allergens.”

1). Food Sensitivities
Eczema caused by food is prevalent in children. Food sensitivities occur when some stress occurs on the immune system due to the intake of certain food items. Food sensitivities cause mild symptoms, which is why they go undetected, unlike food allergies, as they cause immediate and severe effects.

However, food sensitivities are not as severe as food allergies, but repeated immune system inflammation can cause a severe build-up of eczema.

2). Leaky Gut
When a leaky gut occurs (due to infections), an area opens up in the small intestine, allowing toxins, bacteria, and food particles to escape our bloodstream. When this happens, the immune system tags all these particles as foreign invaders and starts to attack them, causing a rise in inflammation. When this inflammation occurs, it causes eczema and various severe condition if not treated in time.

3). Gut Infection
Gut infections and food sensitivities are the main causes of leaky gut. This can cause candida, yeast overgrowth, and small intestinal bacterial growth(SIBO).

Candida is one of the main factors that cause eczema as the yeast inhabits your skin if the gut becomes penetrable.

4). Nutrition Deficiency
Most people who struggle with eczema have low levels of a protein called filaggrin. Filaggrin is a protein that acts as a natural moisturizer that assists the skin in fending off pathogens (viruses, bacteria, and microorganisms). When our body does not produce filaggrin, it makes one’s body vulnerable to immune system invaders and gets less protection from the skin.

5). Chemical & Environmental Toxins
When surrounded by numerous unknown chemicals and toxins, there are many various chemicals that can trigger eczema and cause flare-ups.

The mold that is present in our environment is one main trigger for inflammatory and allergic reactions that can worsen eczema.

Our daily use products can also cause eczema as numerous chemicals are used to manufacture them. They include:

    • Soaps Cleaners
    • Detergents
    • Antibacterial products (isothiazolinones)
    • Disinfectants (Formaldehyde)
    • Shampoo and lotion (Cocamidopropyl)

6). Stress
Stress can be the main factor that shares a hand in the occurrence of eczema. Stress can cause damage to the immune system, which can leave the body vulnerable to infections like candida and SIBO, which can trigger a leaky gut and can cause a vicious, inflammatory cycle.

Complications of Eczema

As eczema is a skin problem that progresses, it can cause various complications. The complications are mainly due to severe itching, which damages and makes our body vulnerable to infection from bacteria, viruses, and fungi. Some of the complications are as follows:

1). Scars: When struggling with eczema, severe itchiness can cause scars that may bleed or get infectious if not taken care.

2). Sleep issues: When struggling with eczema, severe itching can cause sleeplessness.

3). Mental Health issues: Eczema can cause anxiety or depression, which develops to stress when dealing with the condition.

4). Septicemia: Eczema can occur due to gut infection or gut leakage, which can cause bacterial infections to get into the bloodstream. This is unsafe and requires instant attention.

5). Scalp Issues: When eczema occurs, it causes itching that can damage the scalp and hair follicles and cause hair loss.

6). Furuncles: These are generally known as boils that form upon the hair follicles due to bacteria and fungi.

Eczema? Live healthy with Ayurveda.

Skin conditions such as eczema are rarely caused by an issue on the surface of the skin, they are far more likely to be the result of a deeper imbalance. The strength of Ayurveda is diagnosing and treating the underlying cause, an approach that can take time but offers longer sustainable results. Treatment is usually done via a combination of diet, herbal supplements, and massages with special oils. Trained Ayurvedic doctors can identify the body type and the type of imbalance and suggest corrective herbs.