What is Chronic Kidney Disease?

The kidneys produce hormones which help control blood pressure, make red blood cells and keep your bones strong. Healthy kidneys help to remove waste materials, toxins, and extra fluid from the body. The kidneys also balance the salts and minerals such as calcium, phosphorus, sodium, and potassium that circulate in the blood. But as it gets damaged, it stops excreting these materials and stops working the way it should.

Chronic Kidney Disease or Chronic Renal Disease is severe and occurs because of an unhealthy diet or improper lifestyle. When Chronic Kidney Disease reaches its advanced stage then dangerous fluid levels, electrolytes and wastes material can build up in your body. The symptoms of kidney disease may appear after a long time. It doesn’t happen overnight.

Chronic Kidney Disease or Chronic Renal Disease is becoming one of the major causes of the increasing morbidity rate across the globe. It takes place at the eighth number in the list of globally affecting morbidity rates; it has massively affected countries like the USA, UK, Australia, UAE, Europe, India etc.

DR. Puru Dhawan

BAMS, Medical Director of SR Institute of Advanced Ayurvedic Science (SRIAAS) 


Causes of Chronic Kidney Disease

CKD or Chronic Kidney Disease is caused by an unhealthy diet and improper lifestyle that increases the toxin levels such as creatinine and urea in the body. Yes, patients can be cured of their damaged kidneys.
Following are the major causes of Chronic Kidney Disease:

High Blood Pressure or Hypertension
High blood pressure damages the blood vessels in the kidneys. With damaged blood vessels your kidneys will not work optimally to remove the waste material and extra fluid from the body. Extra fluid in the blood vessels may raise blood pressure.

The filtration membrane of the kidney gets damaged because of having too much glucose in the blood. Over time, kidneys can become worsen at filtering wastes and extra fluid from your blood.

Inborn Diseases
Having a disease which is with someone since birth may also cause Chronic Kidney Disease.

Side Effects of Harsh Chemically-made Medicines
Quick reliever medicines are fully made up of harsh chemicals. They are highly effective and strong. As they start reacting, a chemical discharge happens that destroys the organs of the body like the liver, heart, and kidney the most.

Smoking and Alcohol
Alcohol & Smoking affects the kidneys faster than anything else, which can not be cured over time. Too much alcohol can cause high blood pressure.

Obesity can directly affect your kidneys because extra weight can pressure the kidneys to work more than usual and filter wastes more. Eventually, this pressure can increase the risk of Chronic Kidney Disease.

Get Appointment

Get an appointment with India’s leading kidney specialists

[ninja_form id=”3″]

Kidney Diseases

Symptoms of Chronic Kidney Disease

Generally, a patient doesn’t get to know about the presence of a CKD until it reaches the third stage. A mild cough & flu can be a sign of CKD. However, the following symptoms can help to identify the presence of Chronic Kidney Disease:

  • Fatigue
  • Itchy Skin
  • Flank pain in the abdominal area
  • High blood pressure
  • Loss of appetite
  • Sleep Problems
  • Edema
  • Abnormal Urination
  • Shortness of breath
  • Swelling in feet and ankles

Complications of Chronic Kidney Disease

Healthy kidneys help to remove all the toxins and wastes from the body, and damaged kidneys can’t filter the uric acid and other wastes the way they should. The extra buildup of uric acid in the body can cause gout.

The kidneys also help to make blood. They make erythropoietin (EPO) to build red blood cells. When the kidneys stop working, the ability to make red blood cells affects. Patients may have anemia because of low levels of iron, vitamin B12, or folic acid. Patients should include all of these in their diet.

Metabolic Acidosis
When the kidney gets damaged, too much acid accumulates in the body that the kidneys can’t filter out. It disturbs the pH level of the blood, which can worsen the kidneys more than before.

Bone Disease
Damaged kidney can’t remove the waste and toxins from the body means it stops working properly. It can cause low calcium and high phosphorus levels (hyperphosphatemia) in the body that may weak bones.

Heart Disease
Organs of the body are connected to each other. If one gets damaged, others begin affecting in a different way. Damaged kidneys can affect the heart and can cause a heart attack.

High Potassium
High potassium levels affect the kidney most because it directly affects the functioning system of kidneys. A sudden rise in potassium levels can fail kidneys.

Fluid Buildup
When the kidney gets damaged, extra fluids and toxins start accumulating in the body that can cause swelling of the legs (edema), high blood pressure, or fluid in the lungs or in the body.

Other Kidney Treatments at SRIAAS

Ayurveda offers treatment for all stages of different renal problems. Acute kidney disease is caused by diseases such as acute glomerulonephritis, severely high blood pressure, bilateral pyelonephritis, and systemic lupus erythematosus while chronic renal failure might result from conditions such as progressive glomerulonephritis, polycystic disease of kidneys, chronic pyelonephritis, & tuberculosis of kidneys. There are very effective herbs used in Ayurvedic treatment for kidney failure which helps rejuvenate the kidneys by restoring the filtration capacity & improving the overall functioning of your kidney. This line of treatment can eliminate the risk of kidney failure & the need for dependency upon dialysis.

Want to know more? Click to Discover Our Treatment Approach